... shot down during a raid against American ships off Guadalcanal on November 12, 1942. Destroyer Shirakumo severely damaged and towed back to base Pacific Admiral Lee knew that the enemy was on his way, but he badly needed more recent, and more specific, intelligence. Battle of Guadalcanal 11-15 November, 1942 Including the Enemy Air Attacks of 11 and 12 November; the Cruiser Night Action of 12- 13 November; the Air Operations of 13, 14, and 15 November; and the Battleship Night Action of 14-15 November Confidential[declassified] OFFICE OF NAVAL INTELLIGENCE U.S. NAVY [1943] Combat Narratives were written to fill a temporary requirement … Sunk 60 miles 110 km north-north-east of Savo Is (08-00S 160-10E) by USN aircraft (ex-Enterprise shore-based on Guadalcanal). It served out the war before being decommissioned in October 1945. The overhauled USS Shaw fired on Japanese forces at the Battle of Santa Cruz Islands, Guadalcanal, Leyte, and the Southern Philippines. The USS Nevada fires its guns at the Normandy shore during D-Day in June 1944, about 30 months after the ship sunk at Pearl Harbor. (U.S. Navy) The Guadalcanal campaign, also known as the Battle of Guadalcanal and codenamed Operation Watchtower by American forces, was a military campaign fought between 7 August 1942 and 9 February 1943 on and around the island of Guadalcanal in the Pacific theater of World War II.It was the first major land offensive by Allied forces against the Empire of Japan. But sailors decided that so many ships had been sunk in this narrow strait since the invasion of Guadalcanal in August that its bottom must be lined with iron. Santa Cruz was a tactical victory and a short-term strategic victory for the Japanese in terms of Several of the ships damaged or sunk that morning returned to … During the battle of Guadalcanal on Nov. 13 and 14, 1942, Hiei was part of a Japanese task force that engaged in close-range battles with U.S. Navy ships … It was to turn into a six-month-long seesaw campaign that pitted ships and aircraft of the U.S. Navy and ground and air units of the Marine Corps and Army against tenacious Japanese resistance by land and sea. Japan attacked the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, 79 years ago today. Overview The 7–8 August 1942 landings on the eastern Solomons islands of Guadalcanal and Tulagi were the U.S. Navy's first offensive amphibious operation in the Pacific. The Naval Battle of Guadalcanal was fought November 12-15, 1942, during World War II (1939-1945). Having halted the Japanese advance at the Battle of Midway in June 1942, Allied forces launched their first major offensive two months later when US Marines landed on Guadalcanal.Quickly establishing foothold on the island, they completed an airfield that the Japanese had been building. The ensuing battle, the first phase of the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, left Admiral Callaghan dead and six of his ships sunk. The survivors of this group were in no condition to stop another Japanese task force. Ships sunk Iron Bottom Sound Kikuzuki (Kikitsku) damaged May 4, 1942 sunk May 5, 1942 salvaged 1943 ... Yūdachi sunk November 13, 1942 Naval Battle of Guadalcanal Hiei sunk November 14, 1942 Naval Battle of Guadalcanal USS Preston (DD-379) sunk November 14, 1942