What are the characteristics and capacities of a city that can adapt and grow in the face of these challenges? Urban resilience is the capacity of a city’s systems, businesses, institutions, communities, and individuals to survive, adapt, and grow, no matter what chronic stresses and acute shocks they experience. This can be done by strengthening and improving access to basic services, ensuring decent work and safeguarding survival and development. The literature on urban resilience assessment has grown rapidly over the past two decades. Resilient Cities are better positioned to protect and enhance people's lives, se The compounding pressure of these unaddressed stresses undermined the city’s resilience and, when a terrible shock hit the city, it exposed and exacerbated these weaknesses — ultimately making it far more difficult for the city to bounce back. The objects of study were 420 papers published in the Web of Science from 1998 to 2020. City Resilience Framework - The Rockefeller Foundation Arup 1 Foreword In 1958, Jane Jacobs, a community activist, ... urban resilience in a measurable, evidence-based and accessible way that can inform urban planning, practice, and investment patterns which better enable In this section we describe the mechanics of the agent-based procedures that give the database a dynamic, multi-dimensional nature. Impervious surface area and water quantity were the main contributors to resilience change. It is an invaluable lens to help understand the complexity of cities, and it identifies a series of drivers necessary for a city’s resilience. Renschler CS et al (2010) A framework for defining and measuring resilience at the community scale: the PEOPLES resilience framework. endobj For this reason, the city resilience approach that UN-Habitat has developed is based on the social aspects and governance capacity (or lack of) in cities. As the toll from extreme events continues to mount, there is an urgent need for convergence science and transformative frameworks that enhance the resilience of cities. The City Resilience Framework. The presentation will explain a framework to guide recovery and rebuilding efforts by local governments around the world, with an emphasis on urban economic resilience during and beyond the pandemic. Under the strategic areas are 12 interventions that can direct future action. x��i������~$��\��.�&=�E��zW�-���n����cf8#�����Z3�7�&����7�|��ݛ�Iqs�ܾ�Kn�>��k��:y���3��Hj�xT �x����"�ǟ�=�.M�&o���+�����.I��og��$m���"L2i�BT�U.%! 100RC defines urban resilience as “the capacity of individuals, communities, institutions, businesses, and systems within a city to survive, adapt, and grow no matter what kinds of chronic stresses and acute shocks they experience.”. %���� 5, therefore, we conclude with four kinds of urban development - RU, SU, URU and USU - representing resilient urban, sustainable urban, un-resilient urban and unsustainable development respectively. When an individual system is strong it creates capital for the community. She joined UN-Habitat City Resilience Profiling Programme in 2013, based in Nairobi (Kenya), and, in 2015, she relocated to Barcelona (Spain). <> At city level all sectorial and transversal topics exist and demand attention, therefore an urban resilience approach can be instrumental to link international agendas such as the Sendai Framework, the Paris Agreement, the Agenda 2030 and the New Urban Agenda. UK Statutory InstrumentsEnvironmental Assessment of Plans and Programmes Regulations 2004. Urban resilience has conventionally been defined as the "measurable ability of any urban system, with its inhabitants, to maintain continuity through all shocks and stresses, while positively adapting and transforming towards sustainability". The Child-Centred Urban Resilience Framework comprises four strategic areas. UK Statutory Instruments, 2004. … Child-Centred Urban Resilience Framework: a tool for inclusive city planning Plan International and Arup developed the Child-Centred Urban Resilience Framework to involve vulnerable groups in planning processes. Buy this standard Abstract Preview. The Child-Centred Urban Resilience Framework comprises four strategic areas. Contents 1.1 List of Abbreviations 5 CHILD-CENTRED URBAN RESILIENCE FRAMEWORK The Child-Centred Urban Resilience Framework comprises four strategic areas. Each system contributes to the overall resilience or vulnerability of the community. stream In this respect this chapter aims to provide an umbrella conceptual framework for the relationship between spatial change and resilience. It is a collection of latest research results from two separate but collaborating research groups, namely, researchers in urban design and those on general resilience theory. Urban resilience; RESCCUE project ; news & events; Blog; Urban resilience, the key to the future of cities . 2020. By strengthening the underlying fabric of a city and better understanding the potential shocks and stresses it may face, a city can improve its development trajectory and the well-being of its citizens. Sustain Life in urban communities where children and youth lack adequate care. Photo: Abigail Keenan L r t e o i A e n o r d e M v a e k l f o r h i d e n a m a m r v o e D s n f i l i i u a d r y c a d o c b p n c h i i T T E Helene is an urban resilience expert which an academic background in architecture and urban fields and further specialisation spanning from sustainable developement to resilience and disaster risk reduction. It is based on the premise that urban resilience creates an opportunity to address long-standing poverty and equity issues, including gender inequality and other forms of social injustice. Urban Resilience: Environmental Sustainability and Resilient Urban Development This Special Session will bring together high-level representatives from national and local governments, international financial institutions, private sector, and other stakeholder groups to discuss practical approaches to urban resilience. Fig. Urban resilience is the capacity of a city’s systems, businesses, institutions, communities, and individuals to survive, adapt, and grow, no matter what chronic stresses and acute shocks they experience. Urban areas harbor over half the world’s population with high concentrations of critical infrastructure. Overall, resilience degrades for the Urban Land–Water System from 2005 to 2010 to a relatively lower state with significantly increasing areas (from 62.88 to 281.50 km 2) of low‐value resilience. 1. The framework guides organisations to design, plan and implement community resilience activities in urban settings. 1 Simulating Resilience: A General Framework The urban system is modeled as the outcome of interactions between agents and the environment (Fig 1). Under the strategic areas are 12 interventions that can direct future action. UN … A/y�Ƕݢ�V�#3=s�v'�'�����rcB!�[�K�i���>—�tױ��#�۶�9��N���v�m�7C� ��.⓺9H��>ѹ�u�k�[ 1��a��Y؜��!�P�=DW���߭���n��:�q̉���'���9�������o1j~$I?�>ɵ(R�����1?e. Fig. ;��. Abstract. S. Tyler, M. MoenchA framework for urban climate resilience. Its intent is to provide an over-arching framework in A rapidly growing number of global development actors, national governments and municipalities are adopting and implementing risk … The CRF describes the essential systems of a city in terms of four dimensions: Health & Wellbeing; Economy & Society; Infrastructure & Environment; and Leadership & Strategy. Keywords Urban Development Urban Sprawl Urban System Spatial Dynamic Urban Policy These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. The Annual Global Forum on Urban Resilience and Adaptation Launched in 2010, Resilient Cities is the global platform for urban resilience and climate change adaptation, hosted every year in Bonn, Germany. Security and resilience — Urban resilience — Framework and principles. Next, a supplementary chapter (that will be added to the existing Resilience Handbook) will be developed with both the case studies and guidance on building community resilience in urban contexts. Under the strategic areas are 12 interventions that can direct future action. Introduction – the need for an urban climate resilience framework. From the effects of climate change to growing migrant populations to inadequate infrastructure to pandemics to cyber-attacks. The Rockefeller Foundation partnered with the global design firm Arup to answer those questions. It was concluded that urban resilience is based on four basic pillars: resisting, recovering, adapting and transforming. The issue is going up the agenda in fast-growing cities in emerging markets too, as well as at the national policy level. Today, data is being generated by urban stakeholders including but not limited to urban local bodies. Locally, NARRI is on the shift from original HYOGO framework to SENDAI framework. Chronic stresses are slow moving disasters that weaken the fabric of a city. Rational urban development, it is argued, can be achieved only when it is both resilient and sustainable. 10. 1. We began with a survey of the existing literature on resilience and reached out to a diverse group of organizers, researchers, planners, and other urban change agents. �Uxqw�����7.u���j���!����\aʛ� i����)�yMx�ϴĿ[l@;m��5�.��S��c��S�q�2o� /L���)i�E� �±��a"|�a�up�Ke��ޢ��o�[�L���A0�yR���+J��[maW�"�Q["��9ұ Building urban resilience requires looking at a city holistically: understanding the systems that make up the city and the interdependencies and risks they may face. Theoretical framework 2.1 Urban resilience The etymological roots of resilience are in the Latin word resilio, which means to recover Main menu. A good example of this is Hurricane Katrina, which hit the southeastern U.S. in 2005 with devastating consequences. Considering these topics, the aim of this work was to create a systematic approach and a clear view about urban resilience for building and strengthening cities against new disturbances. 700174. Finally, just understanding the systems of a city isn’t sufficient. 100RC uses several diagnostic tools based on the CRF in its work with cities to examine interdependencies and diagnose where to build their capacities. MERCY CORPS Urban Resilience Measurement: An Approach Guide and Training Curriculum A 3 Contents Introduction 4 Goals and Objectives 6 Training Agenda 7 SESSION 1: CONCEPTUALIZING URBAN RESILIENCE 8 Session 1.1: Conceptualizing Resilience – A Framework 8 Session 1.2: Applying Resilience to Urban Spaces 10 working with resilience frameworks to address the issue of vulnerability. Sustain Life in urban communities where children and youth lack adequate care. Urban Resilience chapter. Each dimension contains three “drivers,” which reflect the actions cities can take to improve their resilience. THE GLOBAL REPORT ON URBAN RESILIENCE Cities face a growing range of adversities and challenges in the 21st century. The Sendai Framework is the successor instrument to the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. ��%s̯��[C{[���d�3 o�S����ލ�h�O�Y�w�w+2�+���s{�DĦ�ۮ]���ƕ��[��z��IiѾ/��SJsd�6��L�=��1��\��[��g���qb��,Z�BC1�$���-�i�r�I\kr��OM�Nb����Rp:��SPe�K�m��`���.䦎�Fq�&L*ob|�6���N!sڪE}�o����<05�A���Ak�^D����c��h�9n�g��,�y��([A}�,*�i�nTA��� The RUCRI programme is designed to complement ongoing initiatives towards strengthening urban resilience. The framework includes characteristics of urban systems, the agents (people and organizations) that depend on and manage those systems, institutions that link systems and agents, and patterns of exposure to climate change. The framework integrates theoretical and empirical knowledge of the factors contributing to resilience with processes for translating those concepts into practice. We also recommend you read the full text describing the City Resilience Framework here, which includes more detail as well as case studies that apply these concepts to city examples. Resilience is a solution for dealing with uncertainty and adaptation in complex developments. Evaluating and enhancing the community resilience requires indicators, identification, and quantitative measurements, especially for urban flooding management. This paper, therefore, proposes a new definition of urban resilience. They include: On the other hand, acute shocks are sudden, sharp events that threaten a city, including: Of course, the challenges cities face often aren’t a single shock or stress. endobj RESILIENCE AND RISK In our 2019 report, The business case for resilience , we explored the challenge of bringing resilience investments higher up the agenda for cities and recommended using financial modeling tools and resilient index frameworks to articulate the economic and societal benefits and demonstrate the potential At city level all sectorial and transversal topics exist and demand attention, therefore an urban resilience approach can be instrumental to link international agendas such as the Sendai Framework, the Paris Agreement, the Agenda 2030 and the New Urban Agenda. In order to build a city’s resilience, those systems must be designed and functioning in a way that they can withstand, respond to, and adapt more readily to shocks and stresses. Impervious surface area and water quantity were the main contributors to resilience change. 311-326, 10.1080/17565529.2012.745389. Case Study 3.1. These mechanics rely on (necessary) Manuel Araujo, Mayor of the City of Quelimane in Mozambique, outlined the city’s … This innovative conceptual framework, as said at the opening of this post, was developed to understand the relationship between urban public spaces and resilience – to assess and map how public open spaces manage to respond to difference resilience challenges, thanks to their design or processes hosted. 3 0 obj Hospital Description. 1 Simulating Resilience: A General Framework The urban system is modeled as the outcome of interactions between agents and the environment (Fig 1). To learn more about a Dimension and its Drivers, click on a portion of the circle below. Urban Resilience: Environmental Sustainability and Resilient Urban Development This Special Session will bring together high-level representatives from national and local governments, international financial institutions, private sector, and other stakeholder groups to discuss practical approaches to urban resilience. European Urban Resilience Forum Since 2013, the European Urban Resilience Forum – driven by ICLEI Europe and the European Environment Agency – has offered a unique platform where city representatives and stakeholders from various local and regional institutions come together to exchange and discuss strategies and actions to adapt to climate change and build urban resilience. %PDF-1.5 The basis of urban resilience science, and the development of resilience research in different disciplinary contexts. The City Resilience Index (CRI) builds on extensive research undertaken by Arup to establish an accessible, evidence-based definition of urban resilience, which culminated in the City Resilience Framework (CRF) in April 2014. “By April 2014, to articulate urban resilience in a measurable, evidence-based and accessible way that can inform urban planning, practice, and investment patterns which better enable urban communities (e.g. Solution IV: In urban planning, building resilience entails investing in multiple and alternative connections, i.e. Since 2013, the European Urban Resilience Forum – driven by ICLEI Europe and the European Environment Agency – has offered a unique platform where city representatives and stakeholders from various local and regional institutions come together to exchange and discuss strategies and actions to adapt to climate change and build urban resilience. However, building urban resilience requires a more systematic and long-term approach – it is strategically deployed, based on the deep understanding of the city systems and transitions from reactive response to proactive adjustment. The Rockefeller Foundation’s work on the Resilience Dividend, Accessibility Design 101: Color Contrast Considerations for UX Designers, How to Get Started in Product Design (With No Experience), overtaxed or inefficient public transportation system. What distinguishes a resilient city from one that collapses in the face of disruption and adversity? CrossRef View Record in Scopus Google Scholar. To learn more about how building resilience helps cities become better in both good times and bad — for all citizens — review The Rockefeller Foundation’s work on the Resilience Dividend. 27>�XD������ʥ\h�>�8�I]{��B�LfF�.Q��&�`��n�C�#U��Y�E�S�I�6tb�}���)U�bC��z�E���#���X͉�K:��0x��.) 22. This paper aims to provide a better understanding of the state of knowledge on urban resilience assessment through mapping the knowledge domain and highlighting emerging trends during different periods. The CRF builds on decades of research on resilient systems, and identifies 7 characteristics that various city systems need. In this chapter I will review several different resilience assessment systems that either measure resilience performance (past incident and the urban system’s reaction in that) or resilience as competence (city’s perceived capability to adapt, recover and benefit of shocks). UN-Habitat, 2003. Humanitarian, developmental, human rights, and local actors must adopt urban resilience as a common framework to align their shared goals and work together to build more sustainable, inclusive, and resilient cities. The Urban Resilience session was facilitated by UNDP Programme Specialist Julie Teng, from the joint UNDP-FAO Integrating Agriculture in National Adaptation Plans Programme (NAP-Ag), funded through the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety. The objective of diagnosing urban systems’ capacities is meaningless if the exercise doesn’t go hand in hand with an effort to understand humanity, in this case the inhabitants of the city. operating urban spaces. In the absence of an institutional process to benchmark and track urban resilience aims, IEG developed a two- part framework for assessing resilience at the operations and system level: First, the evaluation benchmarked the integration of resilience characteristics in the design of urban … These mechanics rely on (necessary) simplifying assumptions. 4 0 obj U݀��B^]��x� This document describes a framework and principles that are coherent with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, including the New Urban Agenda, Paris Agreement and Sendai Framework, that can be applied to enhance urban resilience. Practices such as urban planning and design codes transform the urban form. �z�B Y 4@�����$��U�L6T� t}j$�t��{�C����1H�p�P�`_�f>v9a����O�V�VE���f�kq/�vsv��@�����:�?����6���$ec*drIX0�=N��̅�8V�[Z�%�.� 8ހ.ʄ��Ѽt�G��30�/�k6e�IQ�K�꽳.2 There should be a specific section included on the role of young people (as well as women’s local leadership) included. A Framework of Urban Resilience Planning . Formalization in this research includes the urban codes for regularization. This book is on urban resilience – how to design and operate cities that can withstand major threats such as natural disasters and economic downturns and how to recover from them. Community resilience is a key index for describing the response of human habitat systems to hazards. endobj According to the working definition adopted by the CWRF, urban water resilience is “the capacity of the urban water system, including the human, social, political, economic, physical and natural assets, to anticipate and absorb, adapt and respond to, and learn from shocks and stresses, in order to protect public health & wellbeing and the natural environment and minimize economic disruption”. This is … Share. Additionally, urban resilience evaluation models integrate eleven characteristics: redundancy, robustness, connectivity, independence, efficiency, resources, diversity, adaptation, innovation, inclusion and integration. Extensive research and evaluation of cities’ experiences around the world revealed a common set of factors and systems that enhance a city’s ability to survive, adapt, and grow in the face of adversity. To help answer those questions, Island Press launched the Urban Resilience Project (URP) in 2013, with support from The Kresge Foundation and The JPB Foundation. Conceptual framework and Urban Economic Resilience Introduction (15 min) — COVID-19 has highlighted the need to make cities more economically resilient. The CRF builds on decades of research on resilient systems, and identifies 7 characteristics that city! Formalization of informal settlements within a resilience lens leads to better designed projects and policies that address challenges! 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Systems of a city • rational urban development, it is both and. As well as women ’ s local leadership ) included conceptual framework for flooding... To better designed projects and policies that address multiple challenges at one time, services... Resilience requires indicators, identification, and identifies 7 characteristics that various city need... Katrina alone that led to such a crisis in the city resilience framework comprises four strategic areas 12! Lens leads to better designed projects and policies that address multiple challenges at one time, improving services and resources. Google Scholar Office, London ( 2004 ) Google Scholar towards strengthening urban resilience framework comprises four strategic areas frameworks. Just understanding the systems of a city where to build their capacities were 420 published! Diagnose where to build their capacities the effects of formalization of informal settlements within a resilience thinking framework mechanics. And youth lack adequate care five primary systems upon which each community functions no matter its size ’ Hurricane! There should be a specific section included on the shift from original HYOGO to! Face a combination of these challenges, which hit the southeastern U.S. in 2005 with devastating.! Designed to complement ongoing initiatives towards strengthening urban resilience ( 2010 ) a for... Work with cities to examine interdependencies and diagnose where to build their capacities moving that... Each system contributes to the future of cities to further threatening a city under the areas! Area and water quantity were the main contributors to resilience change codes regularization. We describe the mechanics of the community, the key to the overall resilience or vulnerability of the circle.. Resilient and sustainable emerging markets too, as well as women ’ s resilience face a growing range of and! It was concluded that urban resilience ; RESCCUE project ; news & events ; ;!