In 1998, after nearly 150 years, Ngāi Tahu completed their efforts to have the Crown address their grievances. Their origins lie in the North Island and before that in the islands of eastern Polynesia. The Treaty in practice Ngāi Tahu Tourism has opened its latest attraction, a joint venture with New Zealand Rugby at Auckland’s SkyCity Federal Street. Get this from a library! [A H Carrington; Te Maire Tau; Atholl Anderson; Te Rūnanga o Ngāi Tahu.] To escape being killed at sea by his brother, he came to New Zealand on the back of a whale. Treaty of Waitangi A bit of history According to the Statement of Claim Ngāi Tahu has exercised the rights, responsibilities and obligations of rangatiratanga in the area from before 1840 to the present day. The concept of a Ngāi Tahu Atlas provided the much-needed direction and focus for the vast amount of cultural mapping work that was occurring throughout the Ngāi Tahu … The Native Land Court judge and commissioner, Alexander Mackay, reported in 1887, and again in 1891, that what Ngāi Tahu needed most was enough land to support themselves. Ngāi Tahu means “people of Tahu” and all Ngāi Tahu whānui can trace their ancestry back to this man, the tribe’s founder Tahu Pōtiki. By 1864, when Rakiura (Stewart Island) was bought, more than 34 million acres (138,000 sq km) had been acquired from Ngāi Tahu in return for just over £14,750. In addition, Ngāi Tahu's sacred maunga (mountain), Aoraki/Mount Cook, was to be symbolically returned to the tribe and later gifted back to the nation. Mō tātou, ā, mō kā uri ā muri ake nei. As Ngāi Tahu moved down the island they fought several battles with two tribes already living there: Ngāti Māmoe and Waitaha. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. The Crown also expressed its 'profound regret' and apologised 'unreservedly' for the suffering and hardship it had caused by not honouring its Treaty obligations. They studied and adopted the traditions and history of Waitaha, whose ancestor Rākaihautū is said to have carved out the South Island’s lakes and mountains with his digging stick. Ngāi Tahu Property worked with Matapopore Charitable Trust, representing local mana whenua Ngāi Tūāhuriri, to incorporate Toi Māori (Māori art) that reflect the stories of mana whenua from this area of Canterbury and acknowledge its Māori history. Its tourism business has been hard-hit … Official purchase agents even reported that they 'got the land [Ngāi Tahu's reserves] reduced as much as possible'. Te Rūnanga o Ngāi Tahu is putting its people back on … This was nearly one-third of the entire country. Ngāi Tahu are the indigenous people of Te Waipounamu, the South Island of New Zealand. Armed with muskets, they were seeking revenge for tribal insults and killings. In accordance with the Ngāi Tahu Claims Settlement Act, the Crown formally apologised, returned the tribal maunga Aoraki, and provided both cultural and economic redress to … Ngāi Tahu sold most of their land to the British Crown between 1844 and 1863. Ngāi Tahu rejected this as inadequate; the Crown considered it too much. The 1944 act did not prevent the tribe from further pursuing its claim. Our whakapapa (genealogy) binds us to this land, and to our ancestors who discovered, explored and settled it … In 1998 Ngāi Tahu settled historical grievances with the Crown. On one occasion Ngāi Tahu nearly captured Te Rauparaha himself in a surprise attack from behind a hill at Kāpara-te-hau (Lake Grassmere). © Crown Copyright. Their claim was finally settled in the 1990s. The overwhelming desire of whānau was the creation of a Ngāi Tahu geographical and historical atlas of place names for Te Waipounamu. This became a central grievance against the Crown. Manuhaea was a kāinga nohoanga (seasonal settlement) located on the eastern side of “The Neck” at Lake Hāwea that was renowned for a small lagoon where tuna (eels) were gathered. Manuhaea was a kāinga nohoanga (seasonal settlement) located on the eastern side of “The Neck” at Lake Hāwea that was renowned for a small lagoon where tuna (eels) were gathered. The history and traditions of the iwi are recorded in the names of places, mountains, rivers, lakes and oceans, ensuring the footprints of our tīpuna-ancestors remain forever upon the landscape. It annotates, extends and puts into context a 1930s history written by a Pākehā journalist, Hugh Carrington, who himself drew on the knowledge of Ngāi Tahu elders and scholars. This completed almost 150 years of the tribe's struggle to have the Crown honour its obligations under the This completed almost 150 years of the tribe's struggle … Waitaha believed the landmarks surrounding them were their ancestors, and that the winds were related to each other like members of a family. It was presented in nine parts – the Nine Tall Trees of Ngai Tahu. Her marriage to Marukore resulted in eleven children, one of which was Tamaraeroa the grandfather of Tūāhuriri. The lagoon was submerged when Lake Hāwea was artificially raised in 1958 to store water for hydroelectric power generation. Each of the first eight trees represented a different area of land purchased from the tribe. The story begins there with Uenuku. This became a central grievance against the Crown. The three main streams of descent which flow together to make up Ngāi Tahu are (in historical order) Waitaha, Mamoe and Tahu. Ngāi Tahu Rūnanga will ask its subsidiary businesses to review whether they are investing in the right places. He owned a hairpiece that was sacred to him, and used it in important tribal rituals. This was the first large claim that the tribunal heard under its power to investigate grievances dating back to 1840, and it is one of the most significant claims that has been considered by the tribunal. Over the next 150 years Ngāi Tahu protested about the Crown's broken promises, including the Crown ownership of pounamu (greenstone) and the Crown's failure to provide schools and hospitals. Ngāi Tahu Holdings The history of Ngāi Tahu tribal investment . As history shows, the Crown did not honour its side of the bargain. Ngāi Tahu's long history of protest over these purchases began in 1849. 1642, First recorded European sighting of New Zealand, Home Ngāi Tahu Holdings The history of Ngāi Tahu tribal investment . Improving participation in tertiary education and levels of home ownership, along with having sufficient funds for retirement, are key goals for the Whai Rawa scheme. In 1921 the Native Land Claims Commission recommended that Ngāi Tahu receive £354,000 compensation. The annual payment seemed to be the maximum amount possible for the times. Te Maire Tau, 'Ngāi Tahu', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/ngai-tahu (accessed 13 December 2020), Story by Te Maire Tau, published 8 Feb 2005, updated 1 Mar 2017. Ngāi Tahu, or Kāi Tahu, is the principal Māori iwi (tribe) of the South Island.Its takiwā (tribal area) is the largest in New Zealand, and extends from the White Bluffs / Te Parinui o Whiti (southeast of Blenheim), Mount Mahanga and Kahurangi Point in the north to Stewart Island in the south. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. They survived for three months when Te Rauparaha surrounded their pā at Kaiapoi, but when strong winds caused a fire, the enemy rushed in and killed the people. -- "Te Maire Tau writes: 'I first came across the Carrington typescript in 1987 when, as an under-graduate, I was researching our tribe's history in the Alexander Turnbull Library. With regard to the Ngai Tahu the Waitangi Tribunal concluded, “The Tribunal cannot avoid the conclusion that in acquiring from Ngāi Tahu 34.5 million acres, more than half the land mass of New Zealand, for £14,750 pounds, and leaving them with only 35,757 acres, the Crown acted unconscionably and in repeated breach of the Treaty of Waitangi”. The rangatira Matiaha Tiramorehu complained that lands or reserves that the tribe wished to keep had been included in the purchased area. Ngāi Tahu origins lie in Hawaiki, which is considered by Māori to be their homeland in the Pacific. Ngāi Tahu received £2400 and less than 10,000 acres (40 sq km) for their own occupation. At the time, and perhaps still, this was the tribunal's most comprehensive inquiry. Ngāi Tahu trace their tribal identity back to Paikea, who lived in the Polynesian homeland of Hawaiki. In 1844 the New Zealand Company bought the Otakou block, now estimated at 534,000 acres (2160 sq km). The takiwā comprises 18 rūnanga (governance areas) corresponding to traditional settlements. It was not just through warfare that Ngāi Tahu came to occupy much of the South Island. Stevens specialises in the history of Awarua (Bluff), a key Ngāi Tahu settlement, and his book A World History of Bluff will be released next year by Bridget Williams Books.. As early as 1849 Ngāi Tahu chiefs complained about the methods used in purchasing their lands. Trade with European whalers and sealers from the early 1800s brought diseases from which the tribe had no immunity, intermarriage and knowledge of European ways. By the 1840s when land purchases began, Ngāi Tahu were weakened by population loss and warfare with Te Rauparaha and his allies from the north. This began a process that took almost 150 years to resolve. In the 1820s and 1830s the powerful chief Te Rauparaha led the North Island tribe Ngāti Toarangatira in attacks on Ngāi Tahu. They were complicated by another Ngāi Tahu claim to commercial fisheries. Early history. A fall out between Tūhaitara and Marukore eventually saw father and sons in combat against each other, ultimately the children defeated their parents. Get this from a library! Early history. Driven by a strong sales pipeline, the 100 per cent Ngāi Tahu-owned company is forging ahead with plans to increase its production base, while always keeping sustainable stewardship of the land and best practice front of mind. This magnificent narrative tells of Ngāi Tahu’s migration from the Wellington area into the South Island. Ngāi Tahu trace their traditional descent from Tahupōtiki, the younger brother of Porou Ariki, founding ancestor of Ngāti Porou, a tribe of the East Coast of the North Island.They originated on the east coast of the North Island, from where they migrated south to present-day Wellington.Late in the 17th century they began migrating to the northern part of the South Island. The Ngaitahu Claim Settlement Act 1944 provided for annual payments of £10,000 for 30 years to the Ngaitahu Trust Board. The iwi also protested over the low prices paid for land, unclear boundaries of the purchased lands, the loss of mahinga kai (customary food-gathering places), the leasing to settlers in perpetuity of reserved lands without the tribe's consent, and the forced sale of their interests in some lands because the Crown had already purchased these from other tribes. Ngāi Tahu trace their tribal identity back to Paikea, who lived in the Polynesian homeland of Hawaiki. Te Rūnanga o Ngāi Tahu General Manager of Oranga Dr Hana O’Regan says the iwi is excited to be joining with Plunket to help build a new generation of strong Ngāi Tahu nurses at a time when the contributions of the two māreikura wāhine from Puketeraki are being celebrated. In the 2013 census, almost 55,000 people said they were of Ngāi Tahu descent. Ngāi Tahu Holdings The history of Ngāi Tahu tribal investment . Spanning time, geography and kaupapa, fifty biographies bring Ngāi Tahu history into the present. The tribunal reported on this in 1992. Ngāi Tahu Tourism has opened its latest attraction, a joint venture with New Zealand Rugby at Auckland’s SkyCity Federal Street. As history shows, the Crown did not honour its side of the bargain. This proved  unsatisfactory because the lands were often so remote and rugged as to be virtually useless, and Ngāi Tahu could not participate in the farming industry that was now the mainstay of the South Island economy. Tāngata Ngāi Tahu remembers and celebrates the rich and diverse lives of the people of Ngāi Tahu. The history of Māori grievance over Crown breaches of the Treaty of Waitangi dates back to the 1840s. Pre-1840 contact, Holidays and events, The arts and entertainment, Disasters, Transport, Health and welfare, Decade studies, Sport, Crime and punishment, Immigration, Lifestyle, Places, The great outdoors, Memorials, Political milestones, Protest and reform, Treaty of Waitangi, Maori leadership, Heads of State, Parliament and the people, The work of government, New Zealand in the world, New Zealand's internal wars, South African War, First World War, Second World War, Post Second World War, Other conflicts, Memorials, mascots and memorabilia, Contexts and activities, Skills, Historical concepts, Education at Pukeahu, Useful links, Interactives, Videos, Sounds, Photos, Site Information, Quizzes, Calendar, Biographies, Check out the links below to like us, follow us, and get the latest from NZHistory, All text is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. Ngāi Tahu were left with about one-thousandth of their original lands. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. Among other things, it returned the sacred mountain of Aoraki/Mt Cook to the tribe and acknowledged their ownership of pounamu (greenstone). Our ancestors were the first long distance seafarers, riding the ocean currents and navigating by stars on voyaging waka (canoes) from Hawaiki Nui. Georgia Weaver looks at the history of the Southland Times and the challenge from mana whenua. Meet the NZHistory.net.nz team. For us and our children after us. Ngāi Tahu Holdings The history of Ngāi Tahu tribal investment . Their lands cover much of Te Wai Pounamu – the South Island – and are New Zealand’s largest single tribal territory. The Ngāi Tahu Property development in Rolleston is an opportunity to further acknowledge the rangatiratanga and claim of Tawhiri Henare Pereita to the area. Ngāi Tahu came originally from Poverty Bay in the North Island. In 1998 Ngāi Tahu settled historical grievances with the Crown. It was eventually settled during the broader negotiations that led to the establishment of the Maori Fisheries Commission. Ngāi Tahu Holdings reported a net loss in 2020 of $27.5 million as the COVID crisis hit businesses like tourism and seafood. Ngāi Tahu are a resilient, entrepreneurial people who made our home in Te Waipounamu (South Island) over 800 years ago. This completed almost 150 years of the tribe's struggle to have the Crown honour its obligations under the This completed almost 150 years of the tribe's struggle … Our defining link as Ngāi Tahu is the ability to whakapapa back through this history and link with our ancestors of the past. From the East Coast, Ngāi Tahu migrated south, first to Wellington, then across Cook Strait to the South Island. Ngāi Tahu Historiography Ngāi Tahu Historiography Wanhalla, Angela 2007-05-01 00:00:00 Ngāi Tahu, the predominant Māori tribe of the South Island, are, historically, one of the most studied, researched and investigated of New Zealand's twenty‐six tribal groups. Various committees and commissions of inquiry investigated and upheld many of the Ngāi Tahu claims from the early 1870s. The tribunal heard Ngāi Tahu's claim over two years from 1987, and it released a three-volume report in 1991. Ngāi Tahu; Ngāi Tai ki Tāmaki Ngai Tāmanuhiri Ngāi Te Rangi and Ngā Pōtiki Ngāi Tūhoe NgāiTakoto Ngāruahine Ngāti Apa (North Island) Ngāti Apa ki te Rā Tō Ngāti Awa Ngāti Awa Ancillaries Ngāti Hako Ngāti Hāua Ngāti Hauā Ngāti Hei Ngāti Hinerangi Ngāti Hineuru They also mixed with Ngāti Māmoe and Waitaha through marriages with the families of chiefs. In accordance with the Ngāi Tahu Claims Settlement Act, the Crown formally apologised, returned the tribal maunga Aoraki, and provided both cultural and economic redress to … Ngāi Tahu do not care to celebrate them but they do represent the beliefs of that time and the community should own their past." Ngāi Tahu claim traditional rights over the vast majority of Te Waipounamu. The 1848 kaumatua or Blue Book is a list of Ngāi Tahu who participated in the 1848 Ngāi Tahu census that is used to identify people who are eligible to register and identify as Ngāi Tahu. Scholarships are offered each year and include fees, valuable work experience within our businesses, mentoring from staff and opportunities to learn about Ngāi Tahu history. When Major Thomas Bunbury approached leading chiefs to sign the Treaty in 1840, he was surprised to find that many spoke English. This was done by waiving the Crown’s exclusive right of purchase. Ngāi Tahu : a migration history : the Carrington text. One of Paikea’s descendants was Tahupōtiki, from whom Ngāi Tahu take their name. Migrating from the North Island’s East Coast, Ngāi Tahu thrived in the South Island. Page 7, Ngāi Tahu's sacred maunga (mountain) Aoraki. In accordance with the Ngāi Tahu Claims Settlement Act, the Crown formally apologised, returned the tribal maunga Aoraki, and provided both cultural and economic redress to … This was known as Te Wai Pounamu, the greenstone waters – named after the beautiful and valuable stone found on the West Coast. Stevens specialises in the history of Awarua (Bluff), a key Ngāi Tahu settlement, and his book A World History of Bluff will be released next year by Bridget Williams Books.. The South Island Landless Natives Act 1906 eventually provided 50 acres a person to be awarded to landless Ngāi Tahu. The lagoon was submerged when Lake Hāwea was artificially raised in 1958 to store water for hydroelectric power generation. -- "Te Maire Tau writes: 'I first came across the Carrington typescript in 1987 when, as an under-graduate, I was researching our tribe's history in the Alexander Turnbull Library. To escape being killed at sea by his brother, he came to New Zealand on the back of a whale. Ngāi Tahu historian Dr Michael Stevens has just been recognised by the Royal Society Te Apārangi Te Kōpūnui with a Māori Research Award. But the government did not keep these promises, and for 150 years, Ngāi Tahu pursued a claim for compensation. Politics and government However, Ngāi Tahu did not lose their territory. That means the rūnanga has almost $7 million less to spend this year on social programmes and other services. [A H Carrington; Te Maire Tau; Atholl Anderson; Te Rūnanga o Ngāi Tahu.] Ngāi Tahu; Ngāi Tai ki Tāmaki Ngai Tāmanuhiri Ngāi Te Rangi and Ngā Pōtiki Ngāi Tūhoe NgāiTakoto Ngāruahine Ngāti Apa (North Island) Ngāti Apa ki te Rā Tō Ngāti Awa Ngāti Awa Ancillaries Ngāti Hako Ngāti Hāua Ngāti Hauā Ngāti Hei Ngāti Hinerangi Ngāti Hineuru All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. The scholarship is designed to encourage more people to consider the tourism industry as an exciting and worthwhile career option. The Crown had promised to leave some of the land and the food-gathering places in the hands of the tribe, and to provide schools and hospitals. They signed a Deed of Settlement that provided compensation valued at $170 million. 27 Nov 2020 Oha Honey to focus on sustainable growth. Ngāi Tahu suffered greatly. This amounted to a fraction of one penny an acre. Everyone in the village was aware that to use it would cause offence. Contribute If you have waiata, photos, pepeha, videos, tauparapara and would like to contribute them to the project please contact the author for inclusion. In 1998 Ngāi Tahu settled historical grievances with the Crown. Protecting Ngāi Tahu History. For generations the land of Te Waipounamu-the South Island has shaped the culture and identity of Ngāi Tahu. They also wanted to take control of the valuable greenstone in the region. We have 31 biographies, 9 articles, related to The Treaty in practice. Getting compensation from the Crown took much longer. The rangatira Matiaha Tiramorehu complained that lands or reserves that the tribe wished to keep had been included in the purchased area. They intermarried with local tribes, and adopted their beliefs. Page 7 - The Ngāi Tahu claimNgāi Tahu signed a Deed of Settlement with the Crown in 1998. In accordance with the Ngāi Tahu Claims Settlement Act, the Crown formally apologised, returned the tribal maunga Aoraki, and provided both cultural and economic redress to … All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. Ngāi Tahu has businesses in a wide range of industries, including tourism, seafood, property, forestry, farming and capital investments. The ninth tree represented Ngāi Tahu's food resources. Ngāi Tahu were forced into being a people almost devoid of land, dOver seven generations, Ngāi Tahu carried its quest for justice, led and inspired by the tribal philosophy of Mō tātou, ā, mō kā uri, ā muri ake nei – for us and our children after us. Page 7 - The Ngāi Tahu claimNgāi Tahu signed a Deed of Settlement with the Crown in 1998. Ngāi Tahu is currently out of print.. The tribe was not consulted on this until the legislation was passed. Ngāi Tahu share this ancestor with the Ngāti Porou people. This gesture of mutual goodwill seemed to confirm that the Treaty relationship was at last on a more hopeful footing. Ngāi Tahu historian Dr Michael Stevens has just been recognised by the Royal Society Te Apārangi Te Kōpūnui with a Māori Research Award. Negotiations with the Crown began almost immediately. Finding that 'the Crown acted unconscionably and in repeated breach of the Treaty of Waitangi' in its land dealings with the tribe, it recommended substantial compensation. About 37,000 acres (150 sq km) were reserved for the tribe’s use. Migrations, wars and marriage alliances established Ngāi Tahu as tangata whenua over much of Te Wai Pounamu (the South Island) by the mid-1700s. A bit of history According to the Statement of Claim Ngāi Tahu has exercised the rights, responsibilities and obligations of rangatiratanga in the area from before 1840 to the present day. He lived on the East Coast of the North Island. Ngāi Tahu were forced into being a people almost devoid of land, dOver seven generations, Ngāi Tahu carried its quest for justice, led and inspired by the tribal philosophy of Mō tātou, ā, mō kā uri, ā muri ake nei – for us and our children after us. Eventually, Ngāi Tahu leaders used much of the money to pursue wider claims under the Treaty of Waitangi. Rakiihia Tau, on behalf of the Ngai Tahu Maori Trust Board, filed the Ngāi Tahu claim with the Waitangi Tribunal in 1986. Ngāi Tahu trace their traditional descent from Tahupōtiki, the younger brother of Porou Ariki, founding ancestor of Ngāti Porou, a tribe of the East Coast of the North Island.They originated on the east coast of the North Island, from where they migrated south to present-day Wellington.Late in the 17th century they began migrating to the northern part of the South Island. Ngāi Tahu share this ancestor with the Ngāti Porou people. Whai Rawa is the Ngāi Tahu savings programme that helps create a better future for Ngāi Tahu whānau through greater wealth and wellbeing. This confirmed Ngāi Tahu's ownership of pounamu, granted certain rights to sites of significance and allowed them some role in managing conservation estate resources within their boundaries. Ngāi Tahu : a migration history : the Carrington text. Ngāi Tahu's long history of protest over these purchases began in 1849. This site is produced by the History Group of the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. He was also a key informant to Pākehā ethnographers as they were recording histories from Kaiapoi Māori for some of the first published texts on Te Waipounamu Māori history. Protecting Ngāi Tahu History. Tūhaitara was a significant figure in Ngāi Tahu history and whakapapa. In 1998 Ngāi Tahu settled historical grievances with the Crown. In 1986 the iwi lodged a claim with the Waitangi Tribunal. One of Paikea’s descendants was Tahupōtiki, from whom Ngāi Tahu take their name. It was later turned into a perpetual payment. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. This purchase was dwarfed by the Crown’s 1848 purchase of the Canterbury block of about 20 million acres (81,000 sq km). By the end of the 18th century Ngāi Tahu had reached Foveaux Strait at the bottom of the South Island, and occupied the West Coast. The Ngāi Tahu settlement, like all other Treaty of Waitangi settlements in Aotearoa New Zealand, was more a product of political compromise and expediency than measured justice. Ngāi Tahu, or Kāi Tahu, is the principal Māori iwi (tribe) of the southern region of New Zealand, with its tribal authority, Te Rūnanga o Ngāi Tahu (sometimes known as TRoNT), based in Christchurch and Invercargill.The iwi combines three groups, Kāi Tahu itself, and Waitaha and Kāti Mamoe who lived in the South Island prior to the arrival of Kāi Tāhu. 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